As Yemen now struggles to resolve the current conflict and chart a course back to democratization, it is important to reflect on the challenges and lessons learned from the previous transition process, especially the NDC. Although most international attention has focused on the role of the Houthis and the Gulf States, Yemen’s fractured south will continue to pose a key challenge to future stability. At present, southerners are grappling with an ascendant al-Qaeda, the proliferation of militia forces, and rising disenchantment with the existing leadership. In an effort to better understand the perspectives and interests of the southerners, the International Center for Religion & Diplomacy (ICRD) undertook a research study in four key southern governorates (Aden, Lahj, Shabwa, and Abyan) from October 2015 – March 2016. Through this study, ICRD sought to gather insights on what could have been done better to improve the NDC, and how any future transition process could be made more effective. Read more