The following report is the product of a pilot research project conducted by the International Center for Religion & Diplomacy (ICRD). Its purpose is to determine 1) the most effective approaches for countering the expansion of extremist religious violence and 2) how best to enlist archconservative Muslims (including Salafis) in the development and implementation of such approaches. To date, scant research exists to inform policymakers and foreign policy practitioners on the most effective ways to engage the religious sector in countries on the front lines of combating this kind of terrorism. To frame this issue in the Pakistani context, the authors have drawn on insights from the existing literature, ICRD’s decade of in-country experience, and 44 interviews with scholars, civil society activists, and influential conservative religious leaders. Learn more